This tool takes the hassle out of locating and calculating data needed to help determine eligibility for certain federal grants based on economic distress. Applications for EDA and FHA grants are among the most obvious opportunities. With this tool, you can determine under which regional grouping of counties (or census tracts) you might qualify.
The report provides the 24-month average unemployment rate; per capita income from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) where available for places of 20,000 or more population; per capita personal income annual data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA); and Census 2000 per capita income.
Choose Which Tool. If you want to determine eligibility for a county, region or your own region by combining multiple counties, use the county-based tool. However, if you want to combine census tracts to form a sub-county or cross-county region, switch to the tract-based tool.
Choose Geography. Here, you can choose to select the specific geographies using either a dropdown menu, the map or both. The dropdowns provide an alphabetical listing of the specific states, counties, etc. that you want to view. Note that if you select Districts or Metros at this point, you will also need to select the specific metro or district type (metro, micro, combined or economic development district).
Using the Map: The map is initially in NAVIGATE mode, which allows you to zoom in or out or move the map (by clicking on it and moving it) to the general area where you want to select geographies. Once you have the map in the area of the country you want, click on the toggle bar underneath the map to SELECT mode. Once you click that, you can click on parts of the map you want to include. Those geographic selections will appear in the box. To return to the Navigation View, just click on the toggle bar again.
Select Year. You can select any year—the default will yield the most current year and month for which the unemployment rate data are available (these are updated monthly for all counties and states). If you leave the month/year at the default setting, you will get the most current data available at this time. However, if you need a specific month, that option is available as well.
Display Report. Clicking the “Get Report” button generates the report (if you selected many counties or tracts, allow a few seconds). You may need to scroll down to view the report. You can then copy the data as it appears into any spreadsheet, slide or word processing tool for further use.
The Data and What They Measure
The primary focus of this tool is to provide the data required for EDA grants, although there may be other federal grant programs that require this information.
With EDA grants to localities, there are two fundamental requirements—a 24-month unemployment rate that is at least 1 point higher than that of the nation and per capita income that is 80 percent or less than the nation (see 42 U.S.C. 3161).
24-Month Unemployment Rate
- Frequency: The Bureau of Labor Statistics releases monthly preliminary and revised unemployment data as part of the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program. The latest month available is always called “preliminary,” while the previous month (and sometimes all months in a given year) is revised. Preliminary data are released toward the end of each month for the time two months prior. For example, July files for all U.S. counties would be released toward the end of September.
- Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, FTP files for all U.S. counties and states, providing both revised and preliminary figures. The Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC) has utilized these sources files for more than 30 years and has highly sophisticated verification and quality control processes that ensure these data are identical to the source data.
- Calculation: We calculate the 24-month average by taking the sum of the labor force and the sum of unemployed persons. We then divide unemployment by the labor force to achieve the rate for the period of 24 months. Explained another way, the rate of unemployment is that portion of the total labor force that is unemployed. One might want to sum 24 months of unemployment rates and then divide by 24, but doing that will not provide an accurate rate since it doesn’t account for rounding.
- Thresholds: The threshold calculations are shown in the output report and reflect the difference between the unemployment rate for the geographic area or region selected and the U.S. figure. For example, if Economic Development District A has a 24-month rate of 6.9 and the U.S. rate is 7.9, the difference shown in the threshold column is -1.0—meaning it is 1 point lower than the U.S.
Per Capita Income
Three distinct sources are shown in the tool:
- Per Capita Money Income (5-Year ACS)—From the American Community Survey
The ACS 5-year averages are available for all areas down to the tract and block group levels.
- Frequency: Annual, with the 5-year estimates released in December.
- Source: U.S. Census Bureau: www.census.gov/acs/www/data_documentation/data_via_ftp/.
Calculation: The selected area’s per capita value is divided by the U.S. per capita income and shown as a percentage share of the U.S. figure. For example, if the District of Columbia has a threshold calculation of 145.2, this means its PCMI is 45.2 percent higher than the nation at large.
- Per Capita Personal Income (BEA)—From the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
The most used per capita income figure, it is an estimate that includes not only cash sources of income (as the Census Bureau figure does), but also insurance, transfer payments, dividends, interest and rent.
- Frequency: Annual release in the spring (typically April) of each year.
- Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis files for all counties and states in the nation, as part of the REIS (regional economic information system). It is often referred to as the local personal income estimates.
Calculation: The selected area’s per capita value is divided by the U.S. per capita income and shown as a percentage share of the U.S. figure. For example, if the District of Columbia has a threshold calculation of 145.2, this means its PCPI is 45.2 percent higher than the nation at large.
- Per Capita Money Income (Decennial Census)—From Census 2000
These are historical data left in the report for comparison purposes only. The 2000 census occurred in April 2000 and the income figures were based on the so-called “long form” that went to an average of one in six households. The income data are actually based on a full year of 1999 income, which makes them even older. These were originally used for areas such as census tracts where none of the more recent data were available. With the 2011 ACS release, these data have been replaced by the ACS data.
- Frequency: These data are no longer collected as part of the decennial census and have been replaced by the ACS data.
- Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000, Summary File 3.
- Calculation: The selected area’s per capita value is divided by the U.S. per capita income and shown as a percentage share of the U.S. figure. For example, if the District of Columbia has a threshold calculation of 145.2, this means its PCMI is 45.2 percent higher than the nation at large.
How We Ensure the Integrity of the Data
The IBRC at Indiana University has provided and analyzed of socioeconomic data since 1925 and currently maintains a database of more than 10 billion records of economic and demographic data for the U.S. states, counties, cities, etc. Our team of professionals have rigid quality control methods and work daily to collect, organize, transform and load these data into the database so that we can make it available on STATS America, STATS Indiana and other tools we’ve developed to assist with economic and community development.